Introduction for LCA

life-cycle-assessmentA life cycle assessment (LCA, also known as life cycle analysis, and cradle-to-grave analysis) is a technique to assess each and every impact associated with all the stages of a process from cradle-to-grave (i.e., from raw materials through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling). LCA’s can help avoid a narrow outlook on environmental, social and economic concerns.

This is achieved by:

  • Compiling an inventory of relevant energy and material inputs and environmental releases;
  • Evaluating the potential impacts associated with identified inputs and releases;
  • Interpreting the results to help make a more informed decision.


Life cycle analysis

Life cycle inventory for general galvanizing (LCI)

In 2005 Galvanizers Association in conjunction with European General Galvanizers Association (EGGA) contracted Life Cycle Engineering (LCE)...


This study, completed in April 2004, was carried out by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland for the International Zinc Association...

LCA - Multistorey Car Park

A 2006 study by the Environmental Technology Systems Department of the Institute for Environmental Protection Technology...